Origins and early years
ICED was formed at a meeting in Oxford, England, in 1993 with initial financial support from British Telecom. Initiated by Graham Gibbs and international colleagues, it was intended to operate as a forum for international collaboration. The first council meeting was held in Rugby, United Kingdom in 1995. The presidents, or their representatives, of educational development networks from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, UK, and the USA attended.
The third meeting was held, with the first ICED Conference, in Vaasa, Finland, in June 1996. Networks from Australasia, Belgium, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, and USA were present, and expressions of interest and support were received from Canada, Denmark, France, South Africa and Spain. The Conference was entitled “Preparing University Teachers” and was organised by ICED Convenor Graham Gibbs and Rainer Nyberg of the Finnish University, with 75 participants attending from across the world. From that time, ICED has followed a similar pattern of Council meetings and workshops in odd years and Council meetings and an international conference in even years.